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Living Liver Graft Survival
It's important for a prospective living donor to make an informed decision about the use of their proffered organ. Unfortunately, too many surgeons rush to transplant without considering how a failed transplant or deceased recipient will affect the donor. After all, while a recipient can (possibly) procure a new liver/kidney, the donor cannot undo what has been done to them.
For living liver donor transplants performed between 1997-2004 (the latest data released by OPTN), the one-year graft survival rate (ie. the transplanted livers are still functioning) is 82.5%. The three-year graft survival rate is 72.2%, and the five-year graft survival rate is 65.9%.
In other words, 34% of living liver donor transplants fail within five years.
SRTR, the national database of statistics related to solid organ transplantation, has more detailed statistics available. Still only on a national level though.
This table lists the 3-month, one-year, three-year, five-year and ten-year adjusted graft survival rate of living liver donor transplants by year the transplant was conducted (1989-2007). Unadjusted rates.
2007 (latest year available):
3-month graft survival rate: 91.7%
1-year graft survival rate: 89.1%
This table breaks down living liver donor adjusted graft survival rate from 1997-2007 via age of recipient at the time of transplant, recipient race/ethnicity and recipient gender.
A2ALL findings published in 2005 in the Annals of Surgery indicated that 81 percent of the transplanted live-donor livers were still functioning at one year, which is comparable to the success rates for deceased-donor livers. (139)
In other words, unlike living donor kidneys, living donor livers are not 'better' for the recipient's prognosis, at least not right now. Meanwhile, we have no long-term data on liver donors', especially the dangers of cirrhosis.